Caesarea is originally an ancient Herodian port city located on Israel’s Mediterranean Coast about half way between Tel Aviv and Haifa.
Archeological excavations during the 1950s and 1960s uncovered remains from many periods, in particular, a complex of fortifications of the Crusader city and the Roman theater.
Herod indeed planned an entire city, based on the Roman model and including imposing public buildings, a theater, hippodrome, temples and a surrounding wall.
The Aqueduct, which provided an abundant supply of water, was built in the Herodian period. The upper aqueduct begins at the springs located some nine kilometers northeast of Caesarea, at the foot of Mt. Carmel.
The Roman governor Pontius Pilate, who condemned Jesus to be executed, lived at Caesarea and a plaque bearing his name and recording a dedication he made has been found. It is the only written evidence of Pilate outside the gospels.
Peter, the successor chosen by Jesus made his first direct convert to Christianity in Caesarea, of a man named Cornelius.
The restored amphitheater hosts modern-day concerts during the summer months.